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Gauge Charts in Python

How to make guage meter charts in Python with Plotly.


New to Plotly?

Plotly is a free and open-source graphing library for Python. We recommend you read our Getting Started guide for the latest installation or upgrade instructions, then move on to our Plotly Fundamentals tutorials or dive straight in to some Basic Charts tutorials.

Basic Gauge

A radial gauge chart has a circular arc, which displays a single value to estimate progress toward a goal. The bar shows the target value, and the shading represents the progress toward that goal. Gauge charts, known as speedometer charts as well. This chart type is usually used to illustrate key business indicators.

The example below displays a basic gauge chart with default attributes. For more information about different added attributes check indicator tutorial.

In [1]:
import plotly.graph_objects as go

fig = go.Figure(go.Indicator(
    mode = "gauge+number",
    value = 270,
    domain = {'x': [0, 1], 'y': [0, 1]},
    title = {'text': "Speed"}))

fig.show()

Add Steps, Threshold, and Delta

The following examples include "steps" attribute shown as shading inside the radial arc, "delta" which is the difference of the value and goal (reference - value), and "threshold" to determine boundaries that visually alert you if the value cross a defined threshold.

In [2]:
import plotly.graph_objects as go

fig = go.Figure(go.Indicator(
    domain = {'x': [0, 1], 'y': [0, 1]},
    value = 450,
    mode = "gauge+number+delta",
    title = {'text': "Speed"},
    delta = {'reference': 380},
    gauge = {'axis': {'range': [None, 500]},
             'steps' : [
                 {'range': [0, 250], 'color': "lightgray"},
                 {'range': [250, 400], 'color': "gray"}],
             'threshold' : {'line': {'color': "red", 'width': 4}, 'thickness': 0.75, 'value': 490}}))

fig.show()

Custom Gauge Chart

The following example shows how to style your gauge charts. For more information about all possible options check our reference page.

In [3]:
import plotly.graph_objects as go

fig = go.Figure(go.Indicator(
    mode = "gauge+number+delta",
    value = 420,
    domain = {'x': [0, 1], 'y': [0, 1]},
    title = {'text': "Speed", 'font': {'size': 24}},
    delta = {'reference': 400, 'increasing': {'color': "RebeccaPurple"}},
    gauge = {
        'axis': {'range': [None, 500], 'tickwidth': 1, 'tickcolor': "darkblue"},
        'bar': {'color': "darkblue"},
        'bgcolor': "white",
        'borderwidth': 2,
        'bordercolor': "gray",
        'steps': [
            {'range': [0, 250], 'color': 'cyan'},
            {'range': [250, 400], 'color': 'royalblue'}],
        'threshold': {
            'line': {'color': "red", 'width': 4},
            'thickness': 0.75,
            'value': 490}}))

fig.update_layout(paper_bgcolor = "lavender", font = {'color': "darkblue", 'family': "Arial"})

fig.show()

Reference

See https://plotly.com/python/reference/#indicator for more information and chart attribute options!

What About Dash?

Dash is an open-source framework for building analytical applications, with no Javascript required, and it is tightly integrated with the Plotly graphing library.

Learn about how to install Dash at https://dash.plot.ly/installation.

Everywhere in this page that you see fig.show(), you can display the same figure in a Dash application by passing it to the figure argument of the Graph component from the built-in dash_core_components package like this:

import plotly.graph_objects as go # or plotly.express as px
fig = go.Figure() # or any Plotly Express function e.g. px.bar(...)
# fig.add_trace( ... )
# fig.update_layout( ... )

import dash
import dash_core_components as dcc
import dash_html_components as html

app = dash.Dash()
app.layout = html.Div([
    dcc.Graph(figure=fig)
])

app.run_server(debug=True, use_reloader=False)  # Turn off reloader if inside Jupyter