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Candlestick Charts in Python

How to make interactive candlestick charts in Python with Plotly. Six examples of candlestick charts with Pandas, time series, and yahoo finance data.


New to Plotly?

Plotly is a free and open-source graphing library for Python. We recommend you read our Getting Started guide for the latest installation or upgrade instructions, then move on to our Plotly Fundamentals tutorials or dive straight in to some Basic Charts tutorials.

The candlestick chart is a style of financial chart describing open, high, low and close for a given x coordinate (most likely time). The boxes represent the spread between the open and close values and the lines represent the spread between the low and high values. Sample points where the close value is higher (lower) then the open value are called increasing (decreasing). By default, increasing candles are drawn in green whereas decreasing are drawn in red.

Simple Candlestick with Pandas

In [1]:
import plotly.graph_objects as go

import pandas as pd
from datetime import datetime

df = pd.read_csv('https://raw.githubusercontent.com/plotly/datasets/master/finance-charts-apple.csv')

fig = go.Figure(data=[go.Candlestick(x=df['Date'],
                open=df['AAPL.Open'],
                high=df['AAPL.High'],
                low=df['AAPL.Low'],
                close=df['AAPL.Close'])])

fig.show()

Candlestick without Rangeslider

In [2]:
import plotly.graph_objects as go
import pandas as pd

df = pd.read_csv('https://raw.githubusercontent.com/plotly/datasets/master/finance-charts-apple.csv')

fig = go.Figure(data=[go.Candlestick(x=df['Date'],
                open=df['AAPL.Open'], high=df['AAPL.High'],
                low=df['AAPL.Low'], close=df['AAPL.Close'])
                     ])

fig.update_layout(xaxis_rangeslider_visible=False)
fig.show()

Adding Customized Text and Annotations

In [3]:
import plotly.graph_objects as go
import pandas as pd


df = pd.read_csv('https://raw.githubusercontent.com/plotly/datasets/master/finance-charts-apple.csv')

fig = go.Figure(data=[go.Candlestick(x=df['Date'],
                open=df['AAPL.Open'], high=df['AAPL.High'],
                low=df['AAPL.Low'], close=df['AAPL.Close'])
                      ])

fig.update_layout(
    title='The Great Recession',
    yaxis_title='AAPL Stock',
    shapes = [dict(
        x0='2016-12-09', x1='2016-12-09', y0=0, y1=1, xref='x', yref='paper',
        line_width=2)],
    annotations=[dict(
        x='2016-12-09', y=0.05, xref='x', yref='paper',
        showarrow=False, xanchor='left', text='Increase Period Begins')]
)

fig.show()

Custom Candlestick Colors

In [4]:
import plotly.graph_objects as go
import pandas as pd

df = pd.read_csv('https://raw.githubusercontent.com/plotly/datasets/master/finance-charts-apple.csv')

fig = go.Figure(data=[go.Candlestick(
    x=df['Date'],
    open=df['AAPL.Open'], high=df['AAPL.High'],
    low=df['AAPL.Low'], close=df['AAPL.Close'],
    increasing_line_color= 'cyan', decreasing_line_color= 'gray'
)])

fig.show()

Simple Example with datetime Objects

In [5]:
import plotly.graph_objects as go
from datetime import datetime

open_data = [33.0, 33.3, 33.5, 33.0, 34.1]
high_data = [33.1, 33.3, 33.6, 33.2, 34.8]
low_data = [32.7, 32.7, 32.8, 32.6, 32.8]
close_data = [33.0, 32.9, 33.3, 33.1, 33.1]
dates = [datetime(year=2013, month=10, day=10),
         datetime(year=2013, month=11, day=10),
         datetime(year=2013, month=12, day=10),
         datetime(year=2014, month=1, day=10),
         datetime(year=2014, month=2, day=10)]

fig = go.Figure(data=[go.Candlestick(x=dates,
                       open=open_data, high=high_data,
                       low=low_data, close=close_data)])

fig.show()

Reference

For more information on candlestick attributes, see: https://plotly.com/python/reference/candlestick/

What About Dash?

Dash is an open-source framework for building analytical applications, with no Javascript required, and it is tightly integrated with the Plotly graphing library.

Learn about how to install Dash at https://dash.plot.ly/installation.

Everywhere in this page that you see fig.show(), you can display the same figure in a Dash application by passing it to the figure argument of the Graph component from the built-in dash_core_components package like this:

import plotly.graph_objects as go # or plotly.express as px
fig = go.Figure() # or any Plotly Express function e.g. px.bar(...)
# fig.add_trace( ... )
# fig.update_layout( ... )

import dash
import dash_core_components as dcc
import dash_html_components as html

app = dash.Dash()
app.layout = html.Div([
    dcc.Graph(figure=fig)
])

app.run_server(debug=True, use_reloader=False)  # Turn off reloader if inside Jupyter