# 3D Axes in JavaScript

How to format axes for 3d charts.

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Plotly is a free and open-source graphing library for JavaScript. We recommend you read our Getting Started guide for the latest installation or upgrade instructions, then move on to our Plotly Fundamentals tutorials or dive straight in to some Basic Charts tutorials.

### Range of Axes

function getrandom(num , mul)
{
var value = [ ];
for(i=0;i<=num;i++)
{
var rand = Math.random() * mul;
value.push(rand);
}
return value;
}

var data=[
{
opacity:0.4,
type: 'scatter3d',
x: getrandom(50 , -75),
y: getrandom(50 , -75),
z: getrandom(50 , -75),
},
{
opacity:0.5,
type: 'scatter3d',
x: getrandom(50 , -75),
y: getrandom(50 , 75),
z: getrandom(50 , 75),
},
{
opacity:0.5,
type: 'scatter3d',
x: getrandom(50 , 100),
y: getrandom(50 , 100),
z: getrandom(50 , 100),
}
];
var layout = {
scene:{
aspectmode: "manual",
aspectratio: {
x: 1, y: 0.7, z: 1,
},
xaxis: {
nticks: 9,
range: [-200, 100],
},
yaxis: {
nticks: 7,
range: [-100, 100],
},
zaxis: {
nticks: 10,
range: [-150, 100],
}},
};
Plotly.newPlot('myDiv', data, layout);


### Fixed Ratio Axes

function getrandom(num , mul)
{
var value = [ ]
var i;
for(i=0;i<=num;i++)
{
rand = Math.random() * mul;
value.push(rand);
}
return value;
}

var i;
traces = [];
names = ['cube', 'data', 'auto', 'manual'];
for (i=1; i<5; i++){
traces.push({
x: getrandom(20, 4),
y: getrandom(20, 3),
z: getrandom(20, 5),
opacity:0.5,
mode: "markers",
type: "mesh3d",
scene: "scene" + i,
name: names[i-1]
}
)
}

var layout = {
scene:{
aspectmode:'cube',
domain:{row:0, column:0}
},
scene2:{
aspectmode:'data',
domain:{row:1, column:0}
},
scene3:{
aspectmode:'auto',
domain:{row:0, column:1}
},
scene4:{
aspectmode:'manual',
aspectratio: {x:1, y:1, z:2},
domain: {row:1, column:1}
},
grid:{
pattern: 'independent',
rows:2,
columns:2
},

};

Plotly.newPlot('myDiv', traces, layout);


### Ticks Formatting

function getrandom(num , mul)
{
var value = [ ];
for(i=0;i<=num;i++)
{
var rand = Math.random() * mul;
value.push(rand);
}
return value;
}

var data=[
{
opacity:0.4,
type: 'scatter3d',
x: getrandom(50 , -75),
y: getrandom(50 , -75),
z: getrandom(50 , -75),
},
];
var layout = {
scene:{
xaxis: {
ticktext:['H20','C02','O2'],
tickvals:[-30, -45, -65, -10]
},
yaxis: {
nticks: 5,
tickfont:
{
color:'green',
family:'Old Standard TT, serif',
size: 14
},
ticksuffix:'\$'
},
zaxis: {
ticks: 'outside',
tick0: 0,
tickwidth: 4}},
};
Plotly.newPlot('myDiv', data, layout);


### Axes Background Color

function getrandom(num , mul)
{
var value = [ ];
for(i=0;i<=num;i++)
{
var rand = Math.random() * mul;
value.push(rand);
}
return value;
}

var data=[
{
opacity:0.4,type: 'scatter3d',
x: getrandom(50 , 75),
y: getrandom(50 , 75),
z: getrandom(50 , 75),
mode:'markers'
},
{
opacity: 0.5,
type: 'scatter3d',
x: getrandom(75 , 75),
y: getrandom(75 , 75),
z: getrandom(75 , 75),
mode:'markers'
},
{
opacity: 0.5,
type: 'scatter3d',
x: getrandom(75 , 100),
y: getrandom(75 , 100),
z: getrandom(75 , 100),
mode:'markers'
}
];
var layout = {
scene:{
xaxis: {
backgroundcolor: "rgb(200, 200, 230)",
gridcolor: "rgb(255, 255, 255)",
showbackground: true,
zerolinecolor: "rgb(255, 255, 255)",
},
yaxis: {
backgroundcolor: "rgb(230, 200,230)",
gridcolor: "rgb(255, 255, 255)",
showbackground: true,
zerolinecolor: "rgb(255, 255, 255)"
},
zaxis: {
backgroundcolor: "rgb(230, 230,200)",
gridcolor: "rgb(255, 255, 255)",
showbackground: true,
zerolinecolor: "rgb(255, 255, 255)"
}}
};
Plotly.newPlot('myDiv', data, layout);

### Set Axes Title

function getrandom(num , mul) {
var value = [ ];
for(i=0;i<=num;i++)
{
var rand = Math.random() * mul;
value.push(rand);
}
return value;}

var trace1 = {
type:'mesh3d',
x: getrandom(1000,200), y: getrandom(1000,300), z: getrandom(1000,150),
color: 'lightblue',};

var trace2 = {
type:'mesh3d',
x: getrandom(1000,200), y: getrandom(1000,300), z: getrandom(1000,150),
color: 'pink'};

var layout = {
scene: {
xaxis:{title: 'X AXIS TITLE'},
yaxis:{title: 'Y AXIS TITLE'},
zaxis:{title: 'Z AXIS TITLE'},
},
autosize: false,
width: 550,
height: 500,
margin: {
l: 0,
r: 0,
b: 50,
t: 50,
},
}

Plotly.newPlot('myDiv', [trace1,trace2], layout);

### Camera Controls

function getrandom(num , mul)
{
var value = [ ];
for(i=0;i<=num;i++)
{
var rand = Math.random() * mul;
value.push(rand);
}
return value;
}
var data = [
{
x: getrandom(20, 4),
y: getrandom(20, 3),
z: getrandom(20, 5),
opacity:0.5,
mode: "markers",
type: "scatter3d",
scene: "scene1",
name: "Lower the view point"
},
{
x:getrandom(20, 4),
y:getrandom(20, 3),
z:getrandom(20, 5),
opacity:0.5,
mode: "markers",
type: "scatter3d",
scene: "scene2",
name: "x-z plane"
},
{
x:getrandom(20, 4),
y:getrandom(20, 3),
z:getrandom(20, 5),
opacity:0.5,
mode: "markers",
type: "scatter3d",
scene: "scene3",
name: "y-z plane"
},
{
x:getrandom(10, 4),
y:getrandom(10, 3),
z:getrandom(10, 5),
opacity:0.5,
mode: "markers",
type: "scatter3d",
scene: "scene4",
name: "View from above"
},
{
x:getrandom(20, 4),
y:getrandom(20, 3),
z:getrandom(20, 5),
opacity:0.5,
mode: "markers",
type: "scatter3d",
scene: "scene5",
name: "Zooming in"
},
];
var layout = {
scene1: {
domain: {
x: [0.00,  0.33],
y: [0.5, 1]
},
camera: {
center: {
x: 0, y: 0, z: 0 },
eye: {
x: 2, y: 2, z: 0.1 },
up: {
x: 0, y: 0, z: 1 }
},},

scene2: {
domain: {
x: [0.33,  0.66],
y: [0.5, 1.0]
},
camera: {
center: {
x: 0, y: 0, z: 0},
eye: {
x:0.1, y:2.5, z:0.1},
up: {
x: 0, y: 0, z: 1}
},},

scene3: {
domain: {
x: [0.66,  0.99],
y: [0.5, 1]
},
camera: {
center: {
x: 0, y: 0, z: 0},
eye: {
x:2.5, y:0.1, z:0.1},
up: {
x: 0, y: 0, z: 1}
},},

scene4: {
domain: {
x: [0.15,  0.5],
y: [-0.25, 0.4]
},
camera: {
center: {
x: 0, y: 0, z: 0},
eye: {
x:0.1, y:0.1, z:2.5},
up: {
x: 0, y: 0, z: 1}
},},

scene5: {
domain: {
x: [0.62,  0.7],
y: [-0.2, 0.4]
},
camera: {
center: {
x: 0, y: 0, z: 0},
eye: {
x:0.1, y:0.1, z:1},
up: {
x: 0, y: 0, z: 1}
},},
};
Plotly.newPlot('myDiv', data, layout);