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Ternary Plots in R

How to create ternary plots in R with Plotly.


New to Plotly?

Plotly is a free and open-source graphing library for R. We recommend you read our Getting Started guide for the latest installation or upgrade instructions, then move on to our Plotly Fundamentals tutorials or dive straight in to some Basic Charts tutorials.

Basic Ternary Plot with Markers

library(plotly)

journalist <- c(75,70,75,5,10,10,20,10,15,10,20)
developer <- c(25,10,20,60,80,90,70,20,5,10,10)
designer <- c(0,20,5,35,10,0,10,70,80,80,70)
label <- c('point 1','point 2','point 3','point 4','point 5','point 6',
           'point 7','point 8','point 9','point 10','point 11')


df <- data.frame(journalist,developer,designer,label)

# axis layout
axis <- function(title) {
  list(
    title = title,
    titlefont = list(
      size = 20
    ),
    tickfont = list(
      size = 15
    ),
    tickcolor = 'rgba(0,0,0,0)',
    ticklen = 5
  )
}


fig <- df %>% plot_ly()
fig <- fig %>% add_trace(
    type = 'scatterternary',
    mode = 'markers',
    a = ~journalist,
    b = ~developer,
    c = ~designer,
    text = ~label,
    marker = list( 
      symbol = 100,
      color = '#DB7365',
      size = 14,
      line = list('width' = 2)
    )
  )
fig <- fig %>% layout(
    title = "Simple Ternary Plot with Markers",
    ternary = list(
      sum = 100,
      aaxis = axis('Journalist'),
      baxis = axis('Developer'),
      caxis = axis('Designer')
    )
  )

fig

Reference

See https://plotly.com/r/reference/#scatterternary for more information and options!

What About Dash?

Dash for R is an open-source framework for building analytical applications, with no Javascript required, and it is tightly integrated with the Plotly graphing library.

Learn about how to install Dash for R at https://dashr.plot.ly/installation.

Everywhere in this page that you see fig, you can display the same figure in a Dash for R application by passing it to the figure argument of the Graph component from the built-in dashCoreComponents package like this:

library(plotly)

fig <- plot_ly() 
# fig <- fig %>% add_trace( ... )
# fig <- fig %>% layout( ... ) 

library(dash)
library(dashCoreComponents)
library(dashHtmlComponents)

app <- Dash$new()
app$layout(
    htmlDiv(
        list(
            dccGraph(figure=fig) 
        )
     )
)

app$run_server(debug=TRUE, dev_tools_hot_reload=FALSE)