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Hover Text and Formatting in R

How to use hover text and formatting in R with Plotly.


New to Plotly?

Plotly is a free and open-source graphing library for R. We recommend you read our Getting Started guide for the latest installation or upgrade instructions, then move on to our Plotly Fundamentals tutorials or dive straight in to some Basic Charts tutorials.

Add Hover Text

library(plotly)

fig <- plot_ly(type = 'scatter', mode = 'markers') 
fig <- fig %>%
  add_trace(
    x = c(1:5), 
    y = rnorm(5, mean = 5),
    text = c("Text A", "Text B", "Text C", "Text D", "Text E"),
    hoverinfo = 'text',
    marker = list(color='green'),
    showlegend = F
  )

fig

Unified hovermode

If you set the hovermode attribute of your figure's layout to x unified or y unified), a single hover label will appear, describing one point per trace, for points at the same x (or y) value as the cursor.

If multiple points in a given trace exist at the same coordinate, only one will get an entry in the hover label. In the line plot below we have forced markers to appear, to make it clearer what can be hovered over:

library(plotly)

trace_0 <- rnorm(100, mean = 5)
trace_1 <- rnorm(100, mean = 0)
trace_2 <- rnorm(100, mean = -5)
x <- c(1:100)

data <- data.frame(x, trace_0, trace_1, trace_2)

fig <- plot_ly(data, x = ~x, y = ~trace_0, name = 'trace 0', type = 'scatter', mode = 'lines') 
fig <- fig %>% add_trace(y = ~trace_1, name = 'trace 1', mode = 'lines+markers') 
fig <- fig %>% add_trace(y = ~trace_2, name = 'trace 2', mode = 'markers')
fig <- fig %>%
  layout(hovermode = "x unified")
fig

Format Hover Text

library(plotly)

fig <- plot_ly(type = 'scatter', mode = 'markers') 
fig <- fig %>%
  add_trace(
    x = c(1:100), 
    y = rnorm(100, mean = 5), 
    marker = list(color='green'),
    hoverinfo = 'y',
    showlegend = F
  ) 
fig <- fig %>%
  layout(
    title = list(text="Set hover text formatting<br><a href= https://github.com/d3/d3-time-format/blob/master/README.md#locale_format>https://github.com/d3/d3-time-format/blob/master/README.md#locale_format</a>",
      size = 10),
    xaxis = list(zeroline = F),
    yaxis = list(hoverformat = '.2f'))

fig

Customize Tooltip Text with a Hovertemplate

To customize the tooltip on your graph you can use hovertemplate, which is a template string used for rendering the information that appear on hoverbox. This template string can include variables in %{variable} format, numbers in d3-format's syntax, and date in d3-time-fomrat's syntax. Hovertemplate customize the tooltip text vs. texttemplate which customizes the text that appears on your chart.
Set the horizontal alignment of the text within tooltip with hoverlabel.align.

library(plotly)

fig <- plot_ly() 
fig <- fig %>%
  add_trace(
    type = 'scatter',
    mode = 'lines+markers',
    x = c(1,2,3,4,5),
    y = c(2.02825,1.63728,6.83839,4.8485,4.73463),
    text = c("Text A", "Text B", "Text C", "Text D", "Text E"),
    hovertemplate = paste('<i>Price</i>: $%{y:.2f}',
                        '<br><b>X</b>: %{x}<br>',
                        '<b>%{text}</b>'),
    showlegend = FALSE
  ) 
fig <- fig %>%
  add_trace(
    type = 'scatter',
    mode = 'lines+markers',
    x = c(1,2,3,4,5),
    y = c(3.02825,2.63728,4.83839,3.8485,1.73463),
    hovertemplate = 'Price: %{y:$.2f}<extra></extra>',
    showlegend = FALSE
  )

fig
library(plotly)
fig <- plot_ly() 
fig <- fig %>%
  add_trace(
    type = "pie",
    name = "",
    values = c(2, 1, 3, 2.5),
    labels = c("R", "Python", "Java Script", "Matlab"),
    text = c("textA", "TextB", "TextC", "TextD"),
    hovertemplate = "%{label}: <br>Popularity: %{percent} </br> %{text}")


fig

Advanced Hovertemplate

library(plotly)

df <- read.csv('https://raw.githubusercontent.com/plotly/datasets/master/job-automation-probability.csv')

fig <- df %>%
  plot_ly(
    type = 'scatter',
    mode = 'markers',
    x = ~prob,
    y = ~Average.annual.wage,
    marker = list(size = ~numbEmployed, sizeref = 4000, sizemode = 'area'),
    color = ~education,
    text = ~short.occupation,
    hovertemplate = paste(
      "<b>%{text}</b><br><br>",
      "%{yaxis.title.text}: %{y:$,.0f}<br>",
      "%{xaxis.title.text}: %{x:.0%}<br>",
      "Number Employed: %{marker.size:,}",
      "<extra></extra>"
      )
    ) 
fig <- fig %>%
  layout(legend = list(orientation = 'h', y = -0.3))

fig

Reference

See https://plotly.com/r/reference/ for more information and options!

What About Dash?

Dash for R is an open-source framework for building analytical applications, with no Javascript required, and it is tightly integrated with the Plotly graphing library.

Learn about how to install Dash for R at https://dashr.plot.ly/installation.

Everywhere in this page that you see fig, you can display the same figure in a Dash for R application by passing it to the figure argument of the Graph component from the built-in dashCoreComponents package like this:

library(plotly)

fig <- plot_ly() 
# fig <- fig %>% add_trace( ... )
# fig <- fig %>% layout( ... ) 

library(dash)
library(dashCoreComponents)
library(dashHtmlComponents)

app <- Dash$new()
app$layout(
    htmlDiv(
        list(
            dccGraph(figure=fig) 
        )
     )
)

app$run_server(debug=TRUE, dev_tools_hot_reload=FALSE)